Centuries: 11th century - 12th century - 13th century
Events and Trends
- Abbot Suger rebuilds the monastery of St Denis outside Paris, seen as the initiation of the Gothic style.
- Gratian's Decretals reinvigorate study of canon law and civil law.
- 1143 Celestine II is elected pope.
- 1144 Pope Celestine II is succeeded by Pope Lucius II
- 1146 Saint Bernard of Clairvaux preaches the Second Crusade at Vezelay, Burgundy
- 1145 - 1147: Second Crusade. Crusaders capture Lisbon from Muslims