The 13th Floor Elevators were an underground psychedelic band in the mid 1960s, originally formed in Austin,Texas, USA by Roky Erickson, Dan Galindo, Ronnie Leatherman, Benny Thurman, Stacy Sutherland, Tommy Hall, John Ike Walton and Danny Thomas. Erickson was the band's frontman, while the rise and fall of Hall's amplified "electric jug" remains one of the band's most famous and distinguishing features.

The band had their only US hit, "You're Gonna Miss Me", early in their career. In 1966, came the band's first and most popular album, The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators, which was followed by Easter Everywhere (1967), an integrated experience, if not a concept album. Drug problems and harassment by law enforcement quickly helped tear the band apart, as Erikson entered a mental hospital in the late 1960s.

Erickson continued to sporadically record and play live in the 1970s, and into the late 1980s.