Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century
- May 29 - Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire).
- July 17 - Battle of Castillon. The French under Jean Bureau utterly defeat the English under the Earl of Shrewsbury, who is killed
- October 19 - The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil.