Decades: 1550s 1560s 1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s 1640s 1650s
Years: 1598 1599 1600 1601 1602 - 1603 - 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608
March 24 - King James VI of Scotland succeeded his cousin Elizabeth I as King James I of England. By some criteria this was the start of the modern Great Britain.
November 17 - Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason in the converted Great hall of Winchester Castle
Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Mehmed III (1595-1603) to Ahmed I (1603-1617)
Johann Bayer's Uranometria, an atlas of the southern sky, is published.
Tokugawa Ieyasu granted title of shogun from the emperor of Japan and establishes the Edo or Tokugawa Shogunate in Edo, Japan. This ends the Azuchi-Momoyama period and begins the Edo period.
Accademia dei Lincei founded
Denis Gaultier - A French lutenist and composer.
March 24 - Queen Elizabeth I of England, Wales and Ireland.