Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century
- February 7 - An Assembly of the Russian Empire elects Mikhail Romanov to be Tsar of Russia, and establishes the Romanov Dynasty.
- Francesco Andreini's L'Adamo is published.
- King James I of Scotland successfully mediates the Peace of Knäred treaty between Denmark and Sweden.
- The New River was opened, to supply London with drinking water from Hertfordshire