Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century
- March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter.
- June 4: The VOC ship Batavia runs aground west of Australia.
- March 10 - Charles I of England dissolves Parliament starting the Eleven Years Tyranny in which there was no parliament.
- End of the reign of Emperor Go-Mizunoo of Japan
- Empress Meisho ascends to the throne of Japan
- March 9 - Tsar Aleksey I of Russia
- April 14 - Christiaan Huygens, Dutch scientist
- August 17 - John III Sobieski, king of Poland