Decades: 1590s 1600s 1610s 1620s 1630s - 1640s - 1650s 1660s 1670s 1680s 1690s
Years: 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 - 1644 - 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649
July 2 - Battle of Marston Moor, a crushing victory for the Parliamentary side of the English Civil War ends Charles I's hold on the north of England.
September 2 - Second Battle of Lostwithiel, the last major victory for Charles I and the Royalist side in the English Civil War.
Pope Innocent X is elected to the Papacy, in Rome.
November 23 - Areopagitica by John Milton is published.
A peasant revolt brings an end to the Ming Dynasty in China. They are succeeded by the Qing Dynasty, sometimes known as the Manchu Emperors.
The opera Ormindo is first performed in Venice. Music by Francesco Cavalli and libretto by Giovanni Faustini.
English Civil War (1642-1649)
June 16 - Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and later Duchess of Orleans.
September 25 - Ole RÝmer, Danish astronomer.
July 29: Urban VIII, pope.\n