Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
- Pope Clement XII elected
- Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754)
- Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina
- The Sextant is invented, probably by John Hadley.
- July 12 - Josiah Wedgwood, potter.
- July 26 - Charles Messier, astronomer.
- November 23 - William Moultrie, American General