Decades: 1780s 1790s 1800s 1810s 1820s - 1830s - 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s
Years: 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 - 1836 - 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841
February 23 - The siege of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.
February 24 - Samuel Colt receives a patent for the Colt revolver
March 2 - Declaration of independence of Texas from Mexico.
March 5 - Samuel Colt makes the first pistol (.34-caliber).
March 6 - After a 13-day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 189 Texas volunteers defending the Alamo are defeated and the fort taken.
March 27 - Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre - Santa Ana orders the Mexican army to kill about 400 Texanss at Goliad, Texas
May 15 - Francis Baily, during an eclipse of the sun, observes the phenomenon named after him as Baily's beads
June 15 - Arkansas is admitted as the 25th U.S. state.
July 11 - President Andrew Jackson issues the Specie Circular, beginning the failure of the land speculation economy that would lead to the Panic of 1837.
September 1 - Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white woman to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
September 5 - Sam Houston is elected as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
October 2 - Naturalist Charles Darwin returns to Falmouth, England aboard the HMS Beagle after a 5-year journey collecting biological data he will later use to develop his theory of evolution.
November - Martin Van Buren defeats William Henry Harrison in the U.S. presidential election
December 10 - Emory College, the forerunner of Emory University, is chartered in Oxford, Georgia.
Arts, Sciences, Literature and Philosophy
1836 in art
1836 in literature
1836 in science
January 2 - Mendele Moykher Sforim, writer († 1917)
January 14 - Henri Fantin-Latour, painter († 1904)
January 27 - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, writer († 1895)
February 24 - Winslow Homer, artist († 1910)
May 27 - Jay Gould, American financier († 1892)
May 28 - Alexander Mitscherlich, chemist († 1918)
June 2 - Mily Balakirev, composer († 1910)
July 8 - Joseph Chamberlain, British politician († 1914)
August 24 - Susan Agnes Bernard, future First Lady of Canada († 1920)
Sri Ramakrishna († 1886)
January 7 - John Molson, Canadian entrepreneur
June 28 - James Madison, Fourth President of the United States
November 5 - Karel Hynek Macha, poet
Heads of states
Ottoman Empire - Mahmud II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1808-1839)
Prussia - Frederick William III King of Prussia (1797-1840)\n