Decades: 1800s 1810s 1820s 1830s 1840s - 1850s - 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s
Years: 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 - 1858 - 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863
January 14 - Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt.
January 25 - The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn becomes a popular wedding recessional after it is played on this day at the marriage of Queen Victoria's daughter Victoria, "Vicky," the Princess Royal to Prince Friedrich of Prussia in St. James's Palace, London
February 11 - The Virgin Mary is said appear to St Bernadette of Lourdes
March 30 - Hyman Lipman patents a pencil with an attached eraser.
May 11 - Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. state.
June 23 - kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara
July 29 - United States and Japan sign the Harris Treaty.
August 5 - Cyrus West Field and others complete the first transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts.
August 16 - US President James Buchanan inaugurates the new trans-Atlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. However, a weak signal will force a shutdown of the service in a few weeks.
British Empire takes over powers & properties of the British East India Company (see also history of Bangladesh).
Benito Juarez becomes constitutional president of Mexico
Arts, Sciences, Literature and Philosophy
1858 in literature:
Phantastes - George MacDonald
January 7 - Eliezer Ben-Yehuda responsible for revival of Hebrew language
January 10 - Heinrich Zille, illustrator and photographer (d. 1929)
January 25 - Kokichi Mikimoto, pearl farm pioneer (d. 1954)
March 18 - Rudolf Diesel, inventor of the compression ignition engine (d. 1913)
March 1 - Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher.
April 23 - Max Planck, German physicist, inventor of the quantum mechanics
June 16 - King Gustav V of Sweden
August 1 - Hans Rott, composer
August 27 - Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician
October 27 - Theodore Roosevelt, later President of the United States
December 22 - Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer
March 4 - Matthew Perry, American Commodore.
April 7 - Anton Diabelli, music publisher, editor and composer
June 3 - Julius Reubke, composer\n