Decades: 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s - 1870s - 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s
Years: 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 - 1871 - 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876
January 18 - Wilhelm I of Germany becomes the first German Emperor.
January 28 - France surrenders to end the Franco-Prussian War
March 22 - In North Carolina, William Holden becomes the first governor of a U.S. state to be removed from office by impeachment.
March 21 - Marriage of Princess Louise of the United Kingdom to John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, whose father, the 8th Duke of Argyll, is the serving Secretary of State for India
March 26 - The Paris Commune is formally established in Paris.
March 29 - The Royal Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria.
July 20 - British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
August 31 - Adolphe Thiers becomes President of the French Republic
October 8 - Great Chicago Fire: A large fire in Chicago, Illinois pre-empts news reporting of the Peshtigo, Wisconsin fire, burns 1,200,000 acres in one day, eventually destroys about 17,450 buildings, kills about 250 people and leaves another 90,000 homeless. It is brought under control the next day.
October 8 - The Peshtigo, Wisconsin fire, which burned 1,200,000 acres in one day
October 27 the Comte de Chambord refuses to be crowned 'King Henry V of France' until France abandons its tricolour and returns to the old bourbon flag.
November 10 - Henry Morton Stanley locates missing explorer and missionary, Dr. David Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika, and greets him saying "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"
November 17 - The National Rifle Association is granted a charter by the state of New York.
Paris Commune in aftermath of Franco-Prussian War
Foundation of the German Empire.
George Biddell Airy discovers astronomical aberration is independent of the local medium.
British Columbia joins the Canadian Confederation.
Abolition of the Han system in Japan
Year in topic
1871 in literature
January 17 - David Earl Betty of the North Sea and of Brooksby, British admiral (+ 1936)
February 4 - Friedrich Ebert, president of the Weimar Republic (+ 1925)
March 5 - Rosa Luxemburg, politician (+ 1919)
March 27 - Heinrich Mann, narrator, dramatist and essayist (+ 1950)
May 6 - Christian Morgenstern, author (+ 1914)
May 27 - Georges Rouault, painter and graphic artist (+ 1958).
August 19 - Orville Wright of the Wright brothers, American co-inventor of the airplane.
August 29 - Albert Lebrun, French polititian (+ 1950)
September 27 - Grazia Deledda, Sardinian writer - Nobel prize (+ 1936)
February 20 - Paul Kane, painter
October 18 - Charles Babbage, aged 79, English mathematician and inventor of computing machines\n