Decades: 1820s 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s - 1870s - 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s
Years: 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 - 1875 - 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880
Wimbledon: Henry Cavendish Jones convinced the "All England Croquet Club" to replace a croquet court with a lawn tennis court.
January 12 - Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
May 17 - Aristides wins the first Kentucky Derby
September 1 - A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
November 9 - Indian Wars: In Washington, D.C, Indian Inspector E.C. Watkins issues a report stating that hundreds of Sioux and Cheyenne associated with Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse are hostile to the United States (the Battle of the Little Big Horn was fought in Montana the next year).
December 4 - Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison and flees to Cuba, then Spain.
Year in topic
1875 in literature
January 14 - Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian physician, philosopher, and musician, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize 1952 (+ 1965)
January 22 - D. W. Griffith, director
February 11 - Sara Wennerberg-Reuter, composer
February 26 - Hans Böckler, unionist and politician (+ 1951)
March 7 - Maurice Ravel, composer (+ 1937)
March 26 - Syngman Rhee, President of South Korea (+ 1965)
April 1 - Edgar Wallace, writer (+ 1932)
April 2 - Walter Chrysler, automobile pioneer (+ 1940)
April 4 - Pierre Monteux, conductor
April 5 - Mistinguett, French cabaret singer
April 8 - Albert I of Belgium
June 12 - Sam De Grasse, pioneer Hollywood actor (+ 1953)
June 24 - Diedrich Westermann, German linguist (+ 1956)
June 28 - Henri Lebesgue, mathematician (+ 1941)
September 1 - Edgar Rice Burroughs, author
October 1 - Eugeen Van Mieghem, painter
October 12 - Aleister Crowley, British occultist (+ 1947)
October 23 - Gilbert N. Lewis, physical chemist
December 5 - Arthur Currie, Canadian military leader (+ 1933)
Krishna Chandra Bhattacharya
January 23 - Charles Kingsley, English writer
February 22 - Sir Charles Lyell, British geologist.
May 17 - John C. Breckinridge, Vice President of the United States
June 3 - Georges Bizet, French composer
August 4 - Hans Christian Andersen, Writer.