Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s - 1880s - 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s
Years: 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 - 1881 - 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886
January 25 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company
February 5 - Phoenix, Arizona is incorporated.
February 19 - Kansas became the first U.S. state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages.
March 4 - Rutherford Birchard Hayes is succeeded as President of the United States by James Abram Garfield.
March 13 - Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him.
May 12 - In North Africa, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate.
May 21 - The American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton.
July 2 - James Abram Garfield, President of the United States is shot by lawyer Charles Julius Guiteau. He survives the assassination attempt but he suffers from infection of his wound.
July 4 - In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.
July 20 - Indian Wars: Sioux chief Sitting Bull leads the last of his fugitive people in surrender to United States troops at Fort Buford in Montana.
September 19 - James Abram Garfield, President of the United States dies due to an infected wound and is succeeded by Vice President Chester Alan Arthur.
October 26 - Gunfight at the O. K. Corral in Tombstone, Cochise County, Arizona, USA.
Founding of the Pali Text Society
The United States National Lawn Tennis Association (USNLTA) is founded, and the first U.S. Tennis Championships are played.
Arts, Sciences, Literature and Philosophy
1881 in art:
1881 in literature:
1881 in philosophy:
1881 in science:
January 6 - Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1961)
January 16 - Sir Arthur Percy Morris Fleming, radio pioneer
February 12 - Anna Pavlova, ballerina (d. 1931)
March 12 - Kemal Ataturk, founder and first president of the Turkish Republic (d. 1938)
March 25 - Béla Bartók, Hungarian composer.
March 25 - Mary Gladys Webb, writer (d. 1927)
June 17 - Tommy Burns, World Heavyweight Boxing Champion
August 6 - Sir Alexander Fleming, British discoverer of penicillin.
October 15 - P. G. Wodehouse, British-American writer
October 25 - Pablo Picasso, painter
November 14 - Nicholas Schenck motion-picture empresario (d. 1969)
November 24 - Al Christie, early Hollywood director/producer (d. 1951)
March 13 - Tsar Alexander II of Russia
October 31 - George Washington DeLong, American naval officer and ill-fated explorer\n