Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s - 1880s - 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s
Years: 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 - 1888 - 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893
January 3 - 91cm telescope first used at Lick Observatory
January 24 - Jacob L. Wortman patents the typewriter ribbon.
January 27 - In Washington, DC the National Geographic Society is founded.
March 11 - The "Great Blizzard of '88" begins along the eastern seaboard of the United States, shutting down commerce and killing more than 400.
March 22 - The English Football League is formed
April 11 - The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated.
May 13 - Brazil abolishes slavery.
August 31 - Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is perhaps the first of Jack the Ripper's victims.
September 4 - George Eastman registers the trademark Kodak, and receives a patent for his camera which uses roll film.
September 8 - In London, the body of Annie Chapman is found. She is considered the second victim of Jack The Ripper.
September 30 - In London, the bodies of Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes are found. They are considered Jack the Ripper's third and fourth victim respectively.
October 9 - The Washington Monument officially opens to the general public.
November 6 - U.S. presidential election, 1888: Democrat incumbent Grover Cleveland wins the overall popular vote, but is voted out of office because he loses in the Electoral College to Republican challenger Benjamin Harrison.
November 9 - In London the body of Mary Jane Kelly is found. She is considered the fifth and last of Jack the Ripper's victims. A number of similar murders actually follow but police attribute them to copycat killers.
Gramophone patented by Emile Berliner
January 24 - Vicki Baum, writer (+ 1960)
January 24 - Ernst Heinkel, aircraft designer (+ 1958)
February 2 - Frederick Lane, Australian swimmer
February 17 - Otto Stern, physicist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics 1943 (+ 1969)
February 25 - John Foster Dulles, United States Secretary of State (+ 1959)
February 27 - Lotte Lehmann, singer (+ 1976)
March 4 - Knute Kenneth Rockne, American football player
March 12 - Vaslav Nijinsky, Ukrainian ballet dancer
March 17 - Frank Buck, "big game" hunter (+ 1950)
March 26 - Elsa Brändström, "The Angel of Siberia"
April 4 - Tris Speaker, Baseball Hall of Famer (+ 1958)
April 6 - Hans Richter, German filmmaker
April 26 - Anita Loos, writer (+ 1981)
April 27 - Florence La Badie, pioneer actress (+ 1917)
May 10 - Max Steiner, composer (+ 1971)
May 11 - Irving Berlin, composer (+ 1989)
May 23 - Zack Wheat, Baseball Hall of Famer (+ 1972)
May 25 - Miles Malleson, actor (+ 1969)
May 27 - Louis Durey, composer, member of Les Six (+ 1979)
May 28 - Jim Thorpe, American sportsman
June 6 - Pete Wendling, American composer, pianist, and piano roll recording artist
June 24 - Gerrit Rietveld, Dutch architect
July 10 - Giorgio Chirico, painter (+ 1978)
August 13 - John Logie Baird, first demonstrated the television
September 26 - T. S. Eliot, American/British poet
October 7 - Henry A. Wallace, vice president of the United States
October 9 - Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician
October 16 - Eugene O'Neill, American dramatist
November 23 - Harpo Marx, comedian, The Marx Brothers (+ 1964)
December 4 - King Alexander I of Yugoslavia
December 28 - F.W. Murnau, German director
March 10 - Barry Fitzgerald, actor (+ 1966)
Irving Berlin, American composer
Raymond Chandler, American novelist
Maurice Chevalier, French actor
Ida Rentoul Outhwaite, Australian illustrator
Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese writer
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher
Frans Eemil Sillanpää, Finnish writer
Max Steiner, Austrian film maker
Harald Sverdrup, Norwegian scientist
January 29 - Edward Lear, British artist and writer
February 3 - Henry Maine, British jurist
March 6 - Louisa May Alcott, American novelist
March 9 - German Emperor Wilhelm I
April 15 - Father Damien, Belgian priest
June 15 - German Emperor Friedrich III
October 16 - John Wentworth, mayor of Chicago, United States
Anton de Bary, German biologist
Henry Bergh, founder of American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Charles Cros, French poet
Philip Henry Gosse, British scientist