Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s - 1900s - 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s
Years: 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 - 1901 - 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906
January 1 - World celebrates what is regarded as the start of the new century. (Zero-ists' argument that new century should be celebrated in 1900 rejected worldwide.
January 1 - The six colonies that make up Australia are federated as under an act of the British Parliament, though full independence is a gradual process (see Australian Constitutional History).
January 1 - Nigeria becomes a British protectorate
January 7 - Alferd Packer is released from prison after serving 18 years for cannibalism
January 10 - The first great Texas gusher, oil discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas
January 22 - Edward VII becomes King after his mother, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, dies.
February 20 - The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time.
February 25 - J.P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation.
March 2 - The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
March 6 - In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany.
March 17 - A showing of 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.
April 25 - New York state becomes the first to require automobile license plates.
May 9 - Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
May 27 - In New Jersey, the Edison Storage Battery Company is founded.
June 24 - First exhibition of Pablo Picasso opens.
July 4 The 1,282 foot (390 meters) covered bridge crossing the St.John River at Hartland, New Brunswick, Canada opens. It is the longest covered bridge in the world.
July 24 - O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.
September 5 - The National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues (later renamed Minor League Baseball), is formed in Chicago, Illinois.
September 6 - American anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots and fatally wounds US President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. McKinley dies there eight days later.
September 7 - The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.
September 14 - With the death of William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt succeedes him as President of the United States
October 29 - In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
October 29 - Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of US President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
December 3 - US President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking Congress curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits".
December 12 - Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal in Newfoundland, Canada; it is Morse code for the letter "S."
Cleveland Indians founded
Europium discovered by Eugéne Demarcay
First prototype Harley-Davidson created
Okapi discovered (previously known only to local natives)
Katsura Taro becomes Prime Minister of Japan
The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm
End of Boxer Rebellion in China
Independent Maya of Eastern Yucatan surrender to Mexico
Year in topic
1901 in film
1901 in literature
1901 in music
"Piano Concerto No. 2" by Rachmaninoff
1901 in sports
Baseball (US) : The American and National Leagues agree to peacefully coexist and organise a World Series between their champions, which would be first held in 1903.
January 3 - Ngo Dinh Diem, President of South Vietnam (+ 1963)
January 26 - Stuart Symington, politician (+ 1988)
January 27 - Willy Fritsch, actor (+ 1973)
January 29 - Allen Du Mont, television pioneer
January 30 - Rudolf Caracciola, driver of racing cars (+ 1959)
January 31 - Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer (+ 1974)
February 1 - Clark Gable, American actor
February 2 - Jascha Heifetz, musician (+ 1987)
February 10 - Stella Adler, acting teacher (+ 1992)
February 16 - Wayne King, band leader ("The Waltz King")
February 25 - Zeppo Marx, comedian, The Marx Brothers (+ 1929)
February 27 - Horatio Luro, Hall of Fame horse trainer (+ 1991)
February 28 - Linus Pauling, the only winner of Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1954 and Peace 1962 (+ 1994)
March 4 - Charles Goren, bridge expert
March 11 - Leopold III of Belgium
March 21 - Karl Arnold, politician (+ 1958)
March 24 - Ub Iwerks, cartoonist (+ 1971)
March 27 - Carl Barks, Donald Duck illustrator
March 27 - Erich Ollenhauer, politician (+ 1963)
April 1 - Whittaker Chambers, spy (+ 1961)
May 5 - Blind Willie McTell, blues singer.
May 7 - Gary Cooper, actor (+ 1961)
May 17 - Werner Egk, composer (+ 1983)
May 20 - Max Euwe, Dutch world champion chess 1935-1937
May 21 - Horace Heidt, band leader (+ 1986)
May 21 - Sam Jaffe, actor (+ 2000)
June 17 - F. F. E. Yeo-Thomas, WW II SOE agent and hero (+ 1964)
June 18 - Grand Duchess Anastasia of Russia
June 24 - Harry Partch, microtonal composer
July 31 - Jean Dubuffet, painter
August 4 - Louis Armstrong Jazz musician
September 28 - Ed Sullivan, American TV show host
September 29 - Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist
September 29 - Lanza del Vasto, philosopher, poet and non-violent activist
October 2 - Kiki, singer
October 10 - Alberto Giacometti, Italian sculptor
November 22 - Joaquin Rodrigo, composer (+ 1999)
December 5 - Walter Elias Disney, later known as Walt Disney, American animator and film producer.
December 5 - Werner Heisenberg, German physicist
December 16 - Margaret Mead, cultural antropologist
December 19 - Rudolf Hell, inventor
December 25- Her Royal Highness Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester
Emperor Hirohito of Japan
January 22 - Queen Victoria monarch of the United Kingdom,dies after the longest reign on the throne in English/British thrones.
January 27 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian grand opera composer
February 11 - Milan I, king of Serbia.
February 22 - George Francis FitzGerald, mathematician
March 13 - Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States
April 3 - Richard D'Oyly Carte, impresario
August 5 - The Empress Frederick, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria and mother of German Emperor Wilhelm II
September 9 - Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, painter
September 14 - William McKinley US President
Abdur Rahman Khan, amir of Afghanistan
Physics - Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
Chemistry - Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
Medicine - Emil Adolf von Behring
Literature - Sully Prudhomme
Peace - Jean Henri Dunant, Frédéric Passy