Decades: 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s - 1970s - 1980s 1990s 2000s
Years: 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 - 1975 - 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
January 1 - Watergate scandal: John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman are found guilty of the Watergate cover-up and are sentenced to 30 months to 8 years in jail on February 21
January 5 - The Tasman Bridge in Tasmania, Australia, is struck by the bulk ore carrier Lake Illawarra, killing twelve people.
January 7 - OPEC agrees to raise crude oil prices by 10%.
January 8 - Ella Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, becoming the first woman to serve as a Governor in the United States who did not succeed her husband
January 20 - Michael Ovitz founds Creative Artists Agency
January - Altair 8800 is released, sparking the era of the microcomputer
February 9 - The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returns to Earth.
February 11 - Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for the leadership of the UK Conservative party in the United Kingdom.
February 21 - Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are sentenced to prison.
February 28 - A major tube train crash at Moorgate tube station, London killed 43 people.
March 4 - Charlie Chaplin is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of England.
March 6 - Algiers Accord - Iran and Iraq announce a settlement over their border dispute.
March 9 - Construction of the Alaskan oil pipeline begins.
March 10 - Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Me Thout, South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon.
March 25 - Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot and killed by a nephew with a history of mental illness.
April 3 - Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title.
April 17 - Pol Pot proclaims the "Democratic Republic of Kampuchea" in Cambodia and becomes its Prime Minister (1975-1979).
April 25 - Vietnam War: As North Vietnamese forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost ten years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.
April 30 - Vietnam War: The Vietnam War ends as Communist forces take Saigon and South Vietnam surrenders unconditionally.
May 12 - Mayaguez incident: The Cambodian navy seizes the American merchant ship SS Mayaguez in international waters.
May 15 - The American merchant ship Mayaguez, seized by Cambodian forces, is rescued in operation by U.S. Navy and Marines. 38 are killed.
May 16 - India annexes Sikkim.
May 16 - Junko Tabei becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
May 28 - 15 West African countries sign the Treaty of Lagos thus creating the Economic Community of West African States.
May 30 - 1972 Olympic runner Steve Prefontaine dies in a car accident.
July 6 - The Comoros declare their independence from France.
July 12 - São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence
July 15 - Apollo Soyuz Test Project: Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft take off for U.S.-Soviet link-up in space.
July 17 - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: An American Apollo and a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft dock with each other in orbit marking the first such link-up between spacecraft from the two nations.
July 31 - In Detroit, Michigan, Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa is reported missing.
August 11 - Mário Lemos Pires, Governor of Portuguese Timor, abandons the capital Dili following UTD coup and outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.
August 20 - Viking program: NASA launches the Viking 1 planetary probe toward Mars.
September 5 - In Sacramento, California, a follower of incarcerated cult leader Charles Manson named Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme attempts to assassinate US President Gerald Ford, but is thwarted by a Secret Service agent.
September 22 - President Ford survives a second assassination attempt, again by a female.
October 16 - Five Australian-based journalists are killed at Balibo by Indonesian forces during an incursion into Portuguese Timor
October 30 - Prince Juan Carlos becomes King of Spain after dictator Francisco Franco concedes that he is too ill to govern.
November 3 - An independent audit of Mattel, of the United States largest toy manufacturers, reveals that company officials fabricated press releases and financial information to "maintain the appearance of continued corporate growth."
November 6 - Green March begins: 300,000 unarmed Moroccans converge on the southern city of Tarfaya and wait for a signal from King Hassan II of Morocco to cross into Western Sahara.
November 10 - United Nations Resolution 3379: With a vote of 72 to 35 (with 32 abstentions), the United Nations General Assembly approves a resolution equating Zionism with racism (the resolution was repealed in December 1991).
November 10 - The 729-foot-long freighter (then, the largest ship on the Great Lakes) SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm 17 miles from the entrance to Whitefish Bay on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew on board.
November 11 - Angola becomes independent from Portugal (a deadly civil war soon erupts).
November 11 - Australian constitutional crisis of 1975: Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam is sacked by the Australian Governor General, Sir John Kerr.
November 14 - Spain abandons Western Sahara.
November 22 - Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of dictator Francisco Franco.
November 25 - Suriname independent from the Kingdom of the Netherlands
November 28 - Portuguese Timor declares its independence from Portugal as East Timor.
November 29 - The name "Micro-soft" (for microcomputer software) is used by Bill Gates in a letter to Paul Allen for the first time (Microsoft became a registered trademark on November 26, 1976).
December 7 - East Timor invaded by Indonesia
Spanish army quits Spanish (Western) Sahara. Saharaui Republic (RASD) is created. Morocco invades ex-Spanish Western Sahara.
December 29 - A bomb explodes at New York City's LaGuardia Airport killing 11.
Year in topic
1975 in film
March - Production begins on Star Wars
July - In order to create the necessary special effects for his film, Star Wars, George Lucas forms Industrial Light and Magic.
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Rooster Cogburn starring John Wayne, Katherine Hepburn and others
1975 in literature
1975 in music
Paul Simon releases album Still Crazy After All These Years
Art Garfunkel releases album Breakaway
Simon and Garfunkel release single "My Little Town," the last single they have released together to date. Song hits #9 on Billboard charts and is released on both their solo albums of 1975.
1975 in sports
July 5 - Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.
1975 in television
January 18 - The Jeffersons debuts on CBS.
April 28 - Tom Snyder interviews John Lennon on the Tomorrow Show.
October 11 - Saturday Night Live is broadcasted for the first time (George Carlin is the guest host).
Wheel of Fortune premieres
January 3 - Danica McKellar, actress
January 22 - Balthazar Getty, actor
January 27 - Bill Walsh, Movie producer and writer.
February 4 - Natalie Imbruglia, Australian musician
February 11 - Chuck Watanabe, kayaker
February 20 - Brian Littrell, musician ("NSYNC")
February 22 - Drew Barrymore, actress.
March 5 - Jolene Blalock, US actress
March 5 - Niki Taylor, fashion model
May 1 - Marc-Vivien Foe, Cameroonian footballerer (d. 2003)
May 2 - David Beckham, English footballer
May 8 - Enrique Iglesias, singer
May 10 - Hélio Castroneves, Brazilian Indy Car driver, two-time Indianapolis 500 winner
May 12 - Jonah Lomu, New Zealand rugby player
May 23 - Jewel, singer
May 26 - Lauryn Hill, hip-hop singer
May 27 - Jamie Oliver, British chef and TV personality (The Naked Chef)
June 4 - Angelina Jolie, US actress
June 25 - Vladimir Kramnik, Russian chess player
July 22 - Markus Metzenthin, economist
August 7 - Charlize Theron, South African actress
December 30 - Tiger Woods, golf superstar
January 19 - Thomas Hart Benton, U.S. muralist
January 24 - Larry Fine, actor (The Three Stooges)
February 4 - Louis Jordan, musician
February 14 - P. G. Wodehouse, writer
February 24 - Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of the Soviet Union
February 25 - Elijah Muhammad, Black Muslim leader
March 8 - George Stevens, director, producer, cinematographer
March 14 - Susan Hayward, actress
March 15 - Aristotle Onassis, shipping magnate
March 16 - T-Bone Walker, musician
March 25 - King Faisal of Saudi Arabia
April 5 - Chiang Kai-shek, President of the Republic of China
May 5 - Moe Howard, actor (The Three Stooges)
May 8 - Avery Brundage, President of the International Olympic Committee
May 13 - Bob Wills, country musician
May 23 - Moms Mabley, comedienne
May 30 - Steve Prefontaine, distance runner
June 26 - Josemaría Escrivá, Spanish Priest and founder of Opus Dei.
July 4 - Georgette Heyer, author
July 17 - Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor
July 29 - James Blish, U.S. science fiction author
August 9 - Dmitri Shostakovich, aged 68, Russian composer
August 29 - Eamon de Valera, Taoiseach & third President of Ireland
November 2 - Pier Paolo Pasolini, film director
November 20 - Francisco Franco, dictator of Spain
December 1 - Anna E. Roosevelt, radio personality
December 24 - Bernard Herrmann, composer
Julian Cannonball Adderley - saxophonist
Physics Aage Niels Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson, Leo James Rainwater
Chemistry - John Warcup Cornforth, Vladimir Prelog
Medicine - David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco, Howard Martin Temin
Literature - Eugenio Montale
Peace - Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov
Economics - Leonid Kantorovich, Tjalling Koopmans