Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC
- Battle of Leuctra, which ends the Spartan hegemony, and initiated the beginning of the Theban hegemony
- A fresh peace congress was summoned at Sparta to ratify the Peace of Callias.
- Agesipolis II succeeded his father Cleombrotus I as king of Sparta.
- Cleombrotus I, king of Sparta. (died in the battle of Leuctra)