**Abraham de Moivre**(May 26, 1667 - November 27, 1754), was a French mathematician famous for

*de Moivre's formula*, which links complex numbers and trigonometry, and for his work on the normal distribution and probability theory. He was a good friend of Isaac Newton. He fled France and went to England to escape the persecution of Protestants. In England he wrote a book on probability theory, titled

*The Doctrine of Chances*.