Alfa Romeo is an Italian automobile manufacturing company, founded in 1910 in Milan, Italy. The company was originally known as ALFA, which is an acronym meaning Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili. (First logo: )
When Nicola Romeo bought ALFA in 1915, his surname was appended to the company name.
In 1950 Nino Farina won the Formula One World Championship in a 158 with compressor, in 1951 Juan Manuel Fangio won while driving a Alfetta 159 (first attempt of two-stages compressor). Other titles won in 1975 and 1977, while the 33 dominated the Prototype category from 1967 to 1977.
In the 1960s Alfa Romeo was bought by the Italian government and became famous for its models specifically designed for Italian police ("Panthers" , , , , ) and Carabinieri (); among them the glorious "Giulia Super"  -  - , first car with double volumetric compressor to be used on normal traffic. Or the 2600 Sprint GT , which obtained an expressive nickname of "Inseguimento" (this car is wrongly supposed to be the one that the famous Roman police marshall and unrivalled driver Armandino Spadafora brought down on the Spanish Steps while following some robbers - it was instead a black Ferrari GT 50 - this pic of Giulia , one of the dozens about this legend, is taken from a movie and not at Spanish Steps).
At the end of the 1970s, a general economical crisis caused the government to sell Alfa Romeo to Fiat, which still owns it.
Before being bought by Fiat, Alfa Romeo always had a daring commercial policy, constantly experimenting with new solutions and using them in its series production , even at the risk of losing market share , , . On an English sales brochure:
- The Alfa Romeo Giulia 1600 SS - For the man who has everything, here is the car to keep him company. ... The price is GBP 2394.1.3 including tax. Expensive? Naturally! What else would you expect a hand-built Alfa to be? 
Owners of an A.R. call themselves "Alfista", in Italian. Alfa Romeo is sometimes worshipped by its owners, and many models have become cultural symbols . In 1967 the famous Dustin Hoffman's film "The Graduate" gave worldwide unforgettable celebrity to the "Spider" (best known with the Italian nickname of "Duetto", or as "Osso di Seppia" or Round-tail), and its unique shape. See here  - . The Spider was designed by Pininfarina.
Alfa Romeo's typical color is red. Until the 1980s, Alfa Romeos, except for the Alfasud, were rear-wheel-drive. Since the 1960s, Alfa Romeo cars have a particular "fault": second gear (manual) is very hard to enter, so it needs the driver to pass just for a fraction of second through the neutral gear (both in acceleration or in deceleration). This manoeuvre, called the "doppia" or "double Débraillée" (double declutch), distinguishes real drivers from "Sunday" ones.