The Archeology of the Americas is the study of the archeology of North America, Central America (or Mesoamerica), South America and the Caribbean, which is to say, the pre-history and Pre-Columbian history of Native American peoples. (Although modern archaeology of contemporary American societies has been conducted, it is not generally considered covered by this term.)
There are various anomalies which offer alternatives to the conventional knowledge, and unconventional, unrelated diffusionist theories abound, but no opposing theory has been definitively established.
In the United States physical anthropology (archeological investigations based on the study of human remains) is complicated by the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act, (NAGPRA) which provides for the bodies of Native Americans and grave goods to be turned over to their tribe. In some cases, notably, that of Kennewick Man, this has affected human remains many thousands of years old which seem to have no connection to the modern tribes which are requesting relief under the act.
- Bones, Discovering the First Americans, Elaine Dewar, Carroll & Graf Publishers, New York, 2002, hardcover, 628 pages, ISBN 0-7867-0979-0