The Battle of Vicksburg was an American Civil War siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, on a well-fortified west-facing cliff on the Mississippi River. The siege lasted from May 18 -- July 4, 1863. The siege was initiated by the Union army under General Ulysses S. Grant with the aim of gaining control of the Mississippi River by capturing this Confederate riverfront stronghold and defeating John C. Pemberton's forces stationed there. Shortly after it fell (one day after the fall of Gettysburg), the entire Mississippi Valley belonged to the Union.
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