The Battle of Vicksburg was an American Civil War siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, on a well-fortified west-facing cliff on the Mississippi River. The siege lasted from May 18 -- July 4, 1863. The siege was initiated by the Union army under General Ulysses S. Grant with the aim of gaining control of the Mississippi River by capturing this Confederate riverfront stronghold and defeating John C. Pemberton's forces stationed there. Shortly after it fell (one day after the fall of Gettysburg), the entire Mississippi Valley belonged to the Union.

This is a truly large article, and is broken into sub-pages, as some Wikipedians have problems with pages longer than 32 kilobytes. Each page assumes the previous has been read.


External links and references

Major (alphabetical):

  • Catton, Bruce, (1958), Never Call Retreat
    • (ISBN 0671469908)

  • Foote, Shelby, (1963), Fredericksburg to Meridian
    • (ISBN 039475621)

  • Grant, U.S., (1958), Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant
    • (ISBN 0306801728) The copyright has expired on this work and it is available on the Internet.

  • McPherson, James, (1988), Battle Cry of Freedom
    • (ISBN 0934746236)


  • Foote, Shelby, (1963), Red River to Appomattox
    • (ISBN 0394746228)