Black nationalism is a movement with the viewpoint that Africans at 'home and abroad' (such as African Americans) share a common heritage and destiny, and often that all people of African ancestry belong to a single nation.

Black nationalism originated with the growth of Nationalism in the 19th century, but only became a significant organized movement early in the 20th century.

"...the effort of thousands of American Negroes (sic) to resolve for themselves this fundamental problem of identity and to provide a context for their moral, cultural, and material advancement within the limits set by the American scene."
-- from Essien-Udom, E. U. Black Nationalism: The Search for an Identity, The University of Chicago Press. xvi, 368 p., 14 halftones. 1962

Prominent Black nationalist leaders have included: See also: