Chelyabinsk is a Russian city just to the east of the Ural Mountains.

Geographic location: 5503'-5519' N, 6108'-6117' E
Population: 1,078,300 (2002)

First noted as a fortress in 1736 city located in 1781.

Chelyabinsk is one of major industrial centers of Russia. Heavy industy predominates. During the World War II, Stalin decided to move a lot of Russian factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies - Chelyabinsk was one of the factory cities that was built pretty much from scratch at this time. A small town existed before this - this can be found in the centre of the city. Famous Katyusha rocket launchers and T-34 tanks were manufactured in Chelyabinsk and it gained the town nickname "Tankograd". A nuclear accident many many years ago still has effects on the population, although not as severe as Chernobyl.

A metro system is under construction.

Some Latin alphabet publications spell the city's name as Cheljabinsk.

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