This is an article about the phonograph record label "Chess Records". For records in the game of Chess, see World records in Chess.
Chess Records was a USA record label, based in Chicago, Illinois. It was run by the brothers Leonard Chess and Phil Chess from 1950 through 1967.
Chess Records became famous for the rock & roll and rhythm & blues music recorded and released on the label. Artists associated with Chess Records included Willie Dixon, Muddy Waters, Howlin' Wolf, Sonny Boy Williamson II, Gene Ammons, Jimmy Rogers, Chuck Berry, Marvin Gaye, Smokey Robinson, The Moonglows, Jimmy Reed, Etta James, The Four Tops, Bobby Bland, Earth, Wind & Fire, and others.