Chinese mythology is the mythology of Chinese civilization. Many of the legends of Chinese mythology take place during the period of Sanhuangwudi.

Table of contents
1 Important mythologies and deities
2 Mythical creatures
3 Mythical places
4 See also:

Important mythologies and deities

  • 盘古开天辟地 Pangu cleaves open heaven and earth -- the traditional story of the Earth's creation in Chinese mythology.
  • Three Pure Ones -- highest deities of Daoism.
  • Jade Emperor -- ruler of Heaven and Earth.
  • 女娲补天: Nwa seals the broken sky using stones of seven different colours -- the patch becomes the rainbow.
  • 女娲造人: Nwa creates humanity -- the story has been retold through many Chinese cartoons.
  • 仓颉造字: Cangjie creates the characterss
  • 大禹治水: Great Yu regulates the courses of rivers (to control floods)
  • The Eight Immortals.
  • The Cowherd and Weaver Girl.
  • Xi Wangmu (西王母) The Queen Mother of the west.
  • Shen Yi The saviour of China. A great archer. (See note in solar deity)
  • Chang E Yi's wife, moon Goddess.
  • Shen Nong Inventor of agriculture.
  • Zao Jun popular god of the Kitchen.
  • Matsu (Tin Hau)
  • Guan Yin
  • Wong Tai Sin
  • Sun Wukong The Monkey King from the story Journey to the West
  • Guan Yu
  • Gong Gong Evil water demon who crushed Mount Buzhou.
  • Chi You (蚩尤 chi1you2) A war god who fought Huang Di. Inventor of metal weapons.
  • N Ba Ancient goddess of drought.
  • Zhu Rong God of fire. Defeated Gong Gong.
  • Fei Lian or Feng Bo Wind God. Enemy of Shen Yi.
  • Tam Kung, sea god
  • Sam Po, sister of Matsu
  • God of North (Bei Di, Pak Tai)
  • Bi Fang (必方 bi4fang1) mythical god of fire (also write as 畢方).
  • Huang Di (黃帝) fathers of medicine
  • Hai Re (海若 hai3re4) god of the sea.
  • Zhong Kui (鍾馗 [zhong1kui2) mythical person reputed for subjugating demons.
  • Lei Gong (雷公 lei2gong0) god of thunder
  • A Xiang (阿香 a4xiang1) the girl driver of the chariot of God of Thunder
  • Xuan Nu (玄女 (xUan2nU3) who assisted Huang Di (黃帝) to subdue Chi Yau (蚩尤).
  • Yan Luo (閻羅 yan2luo2) ruler of Hell (short from 閻魔羅社 Sanskrit Yama Raja).
  • Che Kung
  • Hau Wong
  • Hung Shing
  • Jung Kwae, or Zhong Kui
  • Kam Fa
  • Lung Mo
  • Man Cheong
  • Tam Kung
  • Tou Tei, or Tou Dei
  • Bi Gan, Cai Shen God of Wealth; Rides on a Tiger

Mythical creatures

  • Ba She (巴蛇 ba1she2) a snake reputed to swallow elephants
  • Birds:
    • Fenghuang (Chinese Phoenix)
    • Ji Guang (吉光 ji2guang1)
    • Jian (鶼 jian1) A mythical bird supposed to have only one eye and one wing: 鶼鶼 a pair of such birds dependent on each other, inseparable, hence, represent husband and wife.
    • Jing Wei (精衛) a mythical bird which tries to fill up the ocean with twigs and pebbles.
    • Shang-Yang (a rainbird)
    • Su Shuang (鷫鵊 su4shuang3) a mythical bird, also variously described as a water bird, like the crane.
    • Peng (鵬, a mythical bird of giant size and terrific flying power)
    • Qing Niao (青鳥 qing1niao3) a mythical bird, the messenger of Xi Wang Mu.
    • Zhu (a bad omen)
  • Chinese dragon
  • Kirin (Better: Qilin)
  • Kui (夔 kui2) a mythical one legged monster.
  • Kun (鯤 kun1) a mythical giant monsterous fish.
  • Hopping corpse
  • Fox Spirit
  • Nian, the beast
  • Ox heads & horse faces 牛頭馬面 messenger boy in Hell.
  • Rui Shi (瑞獅)
  • Tao Tie (饕餮 tao1tie4) a mythical gargoyle like figure, often found on ancient bronze vessels, representing greed.
  • Xiao (魈 xiao1) A mythical mountain spirit or demon.

Mythical places

  • Xuan Pu (玄圃 xUan2pu3), a mythical fairyland on Kunlun Mountain (崑崙).
  • Yao Chi (瑤池 yao2chi2), abode of immortals where Xi Wang Mu lives.
  • Fu Sang (扶桑 fu2sang1), a mythical island, often interpreted as Japan.
  • Que Qiao (鵲橋 qUe4qiao2) the bridge formed by birds across the milky way.
  • Peng lai (蓬萊 peng2lai2) the paradise, a fabled Fairy Isle on the China Sea.
  • Long Men (龍門 long2men2) the dragon gate where a carp can transformed into a dragon.

See also: