Cross-stitch is a popular form of counted-thread embroidery in which X-shaped stitches are used to form a picture. Other stitches are also commonly used in cross-stitch, among them, 1/4, 1/2 & 3/4 stitches and backstitches. For details, see the embroidery link below.
Cross-stitch embroiderers frequently use an even-weave fabric of linen or cotton and work from charts on graph paper. The stitcher counts the threads in each direction so that the stitches are of uniform size. Cross-stitching can also be done on a specialty Aida cloth that is available in 11, 14, 16, 18, and 22 count sizes. Special vinyl weaves and perforated paper products are also available.
A specialized form of embroidery using cross-stitch is Assisi Embroidery. A special type of cross-stitch is Italian cross stitch
Cross-stitch is one of the oldest forms of embroidery and can be found all over the world. Many folk museums show examples of clothing decorated with cross stitch, especially from continental Europe and the Orient.
Cross-stitch design has become possible for many hobby embroiderers with the advent of cross-stitch design computer software.