This page will attempt to outline the grammar of Dutch.

Table of contents
1 Word Order
2 Nouns

Word Order

Structurally, Dutch is a SVO language, meaning that it prefers a sequence of subject, verb, object in its simplest (declarative) statements. Thus:
  • Tom [subject] eet [verb] kaas [object]
    (Tom eats cheese)
  • Petra ziet de kat
    (Petra sees the cat)
Changes in word order are used in interrogative sentences ("Ging je naar de winkel?", "Did you go to the store?"), changes from active to passive voice ("De auto werd door Jan gekocht", "The car was bought by John"), and lexical or grammatical emphasis (topicalization). Teachers like to make sentences like 'Door Jan werd de auto gekocht' to trick students into thinking Jan is the subject. Here are some rules about where to place the words in a Dutch sentence: