Emmett Hardy (June 12, 1903 - June 16, 1925) was an early jazz cornet player and one of the best regarded New Orleans musicians of his generation.

Emmett Louis Hardy was born in the New Orleans suburb of Gretna, Louisiana. He was child prodigy, described as already playing marvelously in his early teens. Some New Orleans musicians remembered as a musical highlight of their lives a 1919 cutting contest where after long and intense struggle Hardy succeeded in outplaying Louis Armstrong. (In fairness, it is likely that Armstrong, although 2 years older than Hardy, had not yet hit his full stride at that time.)

Emmett Hardy was in the original incarnation of the New Orleans Rhythm Kings (or NORK) under the direction of Bee Palmer. For a time during its Friar's Inn residency the NORK used a two cornet format; Paul Mares leader and first cornet; Emmett Hardy second.(Note that as with other New Orleans jazz bands of that time, such as King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band and The Original Tuxedo Orchestra, the more creative player played the second part, the first cornet staying closer to the lead line.) Hardy returned to New Orleans before the NORK's first recording session, and never made any commercial recordings before his early death. Back in New Orleans Hardy lead his own band and played in the band of Norman Brownlee.

Hardy's playing is described as being more lyrical than many of his New Orleans contemporaries but with a driving rhythm. His tone was much admired. Hardy was an important influence on Bix Beiderbecke; Monk Hazel said that Bix on the Wolverines records sounds very much like Hardy.

Hardy also did metal work, and made his own mouthpieces for his horn, and modified his cornet to add an additional spit-valve.

A relative remembered Hardy as being somewhat shy and unassuming, with a good dry sense of humor; that he was easily frightened by sudden loud noises, and superstitious about passing by graveyards.

When advancing tuberculosis started to make his breathing difficult, Hardy taught himself banjo so he could continue playing music.

Hardy and some of his musician friends made some home recordings on wax phonograph cylinders for their own amusement. As Hardy's tuberculosis worsened and his death seemed inevitable, the friends decided to preserve the cylinders as a memento of Hardy's playing. At least one cylinder survived to the start of the 1950s; the relative who heard it then said Hardy's playing reminded him of Sharkey Bonano. When Tulane University's Jazz Archive was established in the late 1950s, however, diligent search failed to turn up any of these recordings, which are alas presumed lost forever.

Hardy died in New Orleans shortly after his 22nd birthday and was buried in Gretna.