Finnair is Finland's biggest airline and the national flag carrier. It operates from the Helsinki-Vantaa Airport and dominates both domestic and international air travel markets in Finland. Finnair is a member of the oneworld Airline alliance. Its IATA designator is AY. Finnish state owns 60% of share, and 20% are foreign-owned.
1923 as Aero OY, Finnair has had to go through some very difficult times, including World War II, which was especially difficult for the airline because Helsinki and other Finnish cities became air raid targets. The company saw half of its fleet taken over by the Finnish Air Force during that time, and it is estimated that during the Winter War of 1939 and 1940, half of the airline's passengers were children being evacuated to Sweden.
Finnair, in the years after that, grew into one of Europe's leading airlines, transporting 7.5 million passengers in 2001. Five MD-11, 17 of the Airbus A320 family, and 15 MD-82 and MD-83 aircraft now form the backbone of the company's fleet.
- On January 3, 1961, drunken pilots crashed a DC-3 in Koivulahti, Finland
- On November 8, 1961, a malfunctioning altimeter caused another DC-3 to crash near Mariehamn, Aland Islands, during low visibility conditions.