The Flag of Sweden harkens back to the 16th century, and is believed to be modelled from the State Arms of Sweden, Coats_of_Arms_of_Sweden, which contains a yellow cross on blue background (constructed in the 15th century by King Karl Knutsson Bonde, Charles_VIII_of_Sweden) and on the Danish flag, the Dannebrog. The colours of the flag are the same as the ones on the seal of the three crowns, the lesser state arms. Duke Johan of Finland, son of Sweden's King Gustav Vasa, took the form of the current Swedish flag into use in 1569. Prior to this, a similar flag appeared in the coat-of-arms of the duchy under Duke Johan's rule, which is today Southwest Finland. Indeed, this yellow cross on a royal blue field found in the Southwest Finland coa-of-arms eventully became Sweden's official flag.
- According to Swedish law 1982:269, the dimensions of the flag are 10/16 (height/width), the inner blue fields having 4/5 and the outer blue fields 4/9 (height/width).
- According to Swedish law 1983:826, the colours used are established through the NCS color system to be: Yellow - NCS 0580-Y10R, blue - NCS 4055-R95B.