Sir Frederic Bartlett (1886-1969) was Professor of Experimental Psychology at the University of Cambridge from the 1931 until his retirement in 1951. With Kenneth Craik he was responsible for setting up the Medical Research Council's Applied Psychology Research Unit at Cambridge in 1944. He was one of the forerunners of cognitive psychology.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1932 (a rare distinction for a psychologist), and knighted in 1948 for services to the Royal Air Force, on the basis of his wartime work in applied psychology.
The U.K Ergonomics Society awards a Bartlett medal in his honour, and the Experimental Psychology Society holds an annual Bartlett Lecture.
(dates are not necessarily those of original publication)