Georg Fabricius (1516-1571), German poet, historian and archaeologist, was born at Chemnitz in upper Saxony on April 23 1516, and educated at Leipzig.
Travelling in Italy with one of his pupils, he made an exhaustive study of the antiquities of Rome. He published the results in his Roma (1550), in which the correspondence between every discoverable relic of the old city and the references to them in ancient literaturewas traced in detail. In 1546 he was appointed rector of the college of Meissen, where he died on July 17 1571.
In his sacred poems he affected to avoid every word with the slightest savour of paganism; and he blamed the poets for their allusions to pagan divinities. Principal works:
- editions of Terence (1548) and Virgil (1551)
- Poëmatum sacrorum libri xxv. (1560)
- Poëtarum veterum ecclesiasticorum opera Christiana (1562)
- De Re Poëtica libri septem (1565)
- Rerum Misnicarum libri septem (1569)
- Originum I illustrissiniae stirpis Saxonicae libri sepiem (1597)
- Rerum Germaniae magnae et Saxoniae universae memorabilium mirabiliumque volumina duo (1609).
This entry was originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.