House of Representatives is a name used by many countries to describe the lower house(s) of their parliament, congress, or legislature. (The corresponding upper house is typically called a Senate.) The functioning of a house of representatives can vary greatly from country to country. Some operate under the rules of a Westminster System while others are more congressional. Members of a House of Representatives are typically apportioned according to population rather than different regions.
The House of Representatives is the name of the lower house of:
- the United States Congress; see United States House of Representatives
- the Diet of Japan; see House of Representatives of Japan
- the Australian Parliament; see Australian House of Representatives
- the Irish Parliament; (where it goes under the Irish language title Dáil Éireann); see Irish House of Representatives
- the Congress of the Philippines; see House of Representatives of the Philippines
- most (but not all) of the legislatures of the States in the United States of America; see state legislature.
- the Parliament of Malaysia (where it goes under the Malay language title of Dewan Rakyat)
- the parliament in other Commonwealth countries such as Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Fiji and Belize
- Puerto Rico; see Puerto Rico House of Representatives
In Indonesia, the Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR) is generally known in English as the 'House of Representatives'.
See also: Chamber of Deputies, National Assembly, House of Commons