John Crowe Ransom (1888-1974) was an American poet, essayist, and social commentator.
At age 15 Ransom entered Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee and graduated from that institution in 1909 at age 21. From 1910 to 1913 he was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University in England.
After the war Ransom returned to Vanderbilt and was a member of the English department faculty.
In 1930 Ransom joined with 11 other Southern Agrarians to publish the agrarian manifesto I'll Take My Stand which bemoaned the tide of modernism that appeared to be sweeping away traditional southern and American culture. In the 1930s Ransom published various essays influenced by his agrarian beliefs, but by 1945 Ransom had turned away from the agrarian position.
In 1966 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
In 1972 a collection of unpublished essays from the Kenyon Review were published.