Users of Neo-Latin have taken the Latin language to places the Romans never went; hence a need arose to make Latin names of cities that did not exist when Latin was a living language.
The first places that needed Latin names were encountered by Bible translators, who had a need to figure out what to call the many place names in the Bible in Latin. They either reworked the place names into Latin or Greek shapes; in one version, Jerusalem becomes Hierosolyma. Or, they adopted them directly, often treating the new place names as indeclinable nouns; here Jerusalem is brought over as Ierusalem.
- A classical ending such as -um or -a is added or substituted on the end of the source word. Hence Baltimorum for "Baltimore," Albania for "Albany."
- The words already fit into Latin declensions, as do Indianapolis, Cincinnati, and Atlanta.
- Calques are resorted to if the New World name is based on an Old World name; the various Parises in the United States are likely to become Lutetia, and Novum Eboracum or Neo-Eboracum represents New York, because Eboracum is the city of York in England.
- The words are respelled to eliminate non-Latin sounds; hence Washington becomes Vasingtonium.
- The words are adjusted to fit Latin declensions; Kansas appears as either Cansas, Cansatis or Cansa, Cansae; Chicago, Ohio, and Idaho become consonant stems, with genitives Chicagonis, Ohionis, Idahonis, &c.
- The words are re-interpreted to fit Latin declensions; Illinois is treated as a third-declension noun.
- The words are treated as indeclinable, like some Biblical names; Connecticut is sometimes treated this way.
- There are latin forms of Gold Coast, Sunshine Coast, and other Oceanian-South Pacific communities as well.
- One example is London, Ontario which can be translateable to Londinium in Latin, while the rest of the other non-Latin languages like Greek and French for other Londons that are not London, England is spelt "London" (from English).
- This list includes Azerbaijan, Kurdistan southeast of Arbil, Abkhazia, Chechnya, Tatarstan, Dagestan, Malta and Pantelleria, and the whole of Kazakhstan, and Russia east of the ural mountains.
|Latin Name||English Name, [other name(s)], [older name(s)], [province], [state]|
|Alexandria (Aegyptus)¹||Alexandria (Al-Iskandriyah), Egypt|
|Alexandria (Colombia Bretannicum)||Alexandria, British Columbia|
|Alexandria (Ontario)||Alexandria, Ontario|
|Alexandria (Virginia)||Alexandria, Virginia|
|Arbela, Arbila||Erbil, Arbil|
|Baltimorum, Baltimori||Baltimore, Maryland|
|Bona Aera||Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|Cansae, Civitas||Kansas City|
|Civitas Alphabeticum||Alphabet City (New York, New York|
|Civita California||California City, California|
|Citiva? Florida||Florida City, Florida|
|Civita Oklahoma||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|
|Citiva Panama||Panama City, Florida|
|Columbus||Columbus, North Carolina|
|Corpus Christi||Corpus Christi, Texas|
|Damascus||Damascus (Dimashq), Syria|
|Flumen Januarii||Rio de Janeiro|
|Hippo Regius||Bone, Algeria|
|Indianapolis (4)||Indianapolis, Indiana|
|Jericho²||Jericho, West Bank (Palestine)|
|Leptis Magna, Lepcis Magna||near Tripoli, Libya|
|Londinium, Africa Australia||London, South Africa|
|Londinium (Ontario)||London, Ontario|
|Marathon (Ontario)||Marathon, Ontario|
|Medaba||Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia|
|Medina, Arabia||Medina, Saudi Arabia|
|Medina, Nova Eburaca||Medina, New York|
|Mons Regius||Montreal, Quebec|
|Minneapolis (4)||Minneapolis, Minnesota|
|Nova Aurelia, Novum Aurelium||New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Novum Baltimorum||New Baltimore, Michigan|
|Novis? Hamburgensis||New Hamburg, Ontario|
|Novum Eboracum||New York, New York|
|Novum Londinium*||New London, Connecticut|
|Olympia (Vasingtonia)||Olympia, Washington|
|Philadelphia¹ (America)||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Phoenix¹, Arizona||Phoenix, Arizona|
|Praetoria?||Pretoria, South Africa|
|Providenia?||Provideniya, Russia, west of Alaska|
|Providentia||Providence, Rhode Island|
|Sancti Spiriti||Sancti Spiriti, Argentina|
|Tempe (Arizona)||Tempe, Arizona|
|Tiberias||Tiberias (Teverya), Israel|
- or Novo Londinio
- 1 - Latinized form of the Greek-derived name.
- 2 - Latinized form of a Hebrew derived name
- 3 - Latinized form of an Amerindian languages-derived name.
- 4 - only polis is a Greek derived name.
- List of Roman place names in Britain
- Latin names of European cities
- Latin names of European rivers
- Latin names of geographical features
- Latin names of islands
- Latin names of lakes
- Latin names of mountains
- Latin names of regions
- Latin names of rivers
- Roman place names