Limnology is a subdiscipline of hydrology that concerns the study of fresh waters, specifically lakes and ponds (both natural and manmade), including their biological, physical, and chemical aspects.

François-Alphonse Forel (1841-1912) established the field with his studies of Lake Geneva. Limnology traditionally is closely related to hydrobiology, which is concerned with the application of the principles and methods of physics, chemistry, geology, and geography to ecological problems.

Table of contents
1 Organizations
2 Journals
3 References



  • Advances in Limnology
  • Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology
  • Journal of Limnology
  • Limnology and Oceanography


  • Gerald A. Cole, Textbook of Limnology, 4th ed. (Waveland Press, 1994) ISBN 0881338001
  • G. E. Hutchinson, A Treatise on Limnology, 3 vols. (1957-1975) - classic but dated
  • H.B.N. Hynes, The Ecology of Running Waters (1970)
  • Jacob Kalff, Limnology (Prentice Hall, 2001)
  • B. Moss, Ecology of Fresh Waters (Blackwell, 1998)
  • Robert G. Wetzel, Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, 2001) ISBN 0127447601 - highly regarded
  • Robert G. Wetzel & Gene E. Likens, Limnological Analyses, 3rd ed. (Springer-Verlag, 2000)