This is a list of adjectival forms of place names (demonyms).

In most cases, a person from these places is referred to with the same word. In cases where this is not so, this form is given after the adjective.

Typically, names ending in the letter a add an n to the end to make an adjective, while other vowels add an an. Read demonym to learn about other ways.

List of adjectival forms of place names
Place name Adjective Person

Aberdeen Aberdonian
Afghanistan Afghan
Africa African
Alabama Alabamian
Alaska Alaskan
Albania Albanian
Alberta Albertan
Aleutian Islands Aleut
Algeria Algerian
Alsace Alsacian
America American
Andalusia Andalusian
Andorra Andorran
Angola Angolan
Antarctic Antarctic
Argentina Argentinian or Argentine
Aragon Aragonese
Arizona Arizonan
Arkansas Arkansan
Armenia Armenian
Asia Asian
Asturias Asturian
Atlantic Atlantic
Australia Australian
Austria Austrian
Azerbaijan Azerbaijani
Bahamas Bahamian
Bahrain Bahraini
Bali Balinese
Baltic Baltic
Bangladesh Bangladesh
Barbados Barbadian (also Badian, Bajan and Bajun)
Bavaria Bavarian
Belarus Belorussian
Belgium Belgian
Belize Belizean
Benin Beninese or Beninois
Bermuda Bermudan
Bhutan Bhutanese
Birmingham Brummie
Bohemia Bohemian
Bolivia Bolivian
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian
Botswana Tswana
Motswana (plural: Batswana)
Brazil Brazilian
Bristol Bristolian
Brittany Breton
Brunei Bruneian
Bulgaria Bulgarian
Burkina Faso (1) Burkina
Burma (2) Burmese
Burundi Burundian
California Californian
Cambodia Cambodian
Cambridge Cantabrigian
Cameroon Cameroonian
Canada Canadian
Cantabria Cantabrian
Cape Verde Cape Verdean
Caribbean Caribbean
Carinthia Carinthian
Carthage Carthaginian
Castile Castilian
Catalonia Catalan, Catalonian
Cayman Islands Cayman Island
Cayman Islander
Central African Republic Central African
Chad Chadian
Chicago Chicagoan
Chile Chilean
China Chinese
Chinese or (usually pejorative) Chinaman
Colombia Colombian
Congo Congolese
Connecticut Connecticut
Cornwall Cornish
Corsica Corsican
Costa Rica Costa Rican
Crete Cretan
Crimea Crimean
Croatia Croatian or Croat
Cuba Cuban
Cyprus Cypriot
Czech Republic Czech
Dallas Dallasite
Denmark Danish
Denver Denverite
Dominica Dominican
Dominican Republic Dominican
East Timor East Timorese
Ecuador Ecuadorian
Egypt Egyptian
El Salvador Salvadorian
England English
Englishman or Englishwoman
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinean
Eritrea Eritrean
Estonia Estonian
Ethiopia Ethiopian
Europe European
Fife Fife
Fiji Fijian
Finland Finnish
Flanders Flemish
France French
Frenchman or Frenchwoman
Gabon Gabonese
Galicia Galician
Gambia Gambian
Georgia (3) Georgian
Germany German
Ghana Ghanaian
Gibraltar Gibraltarian
Glasgow Glaswegian
Great Britain British
Greece Greek
Greenland Greenlandic
Grenada Grenadian
Guatemala Guatemalan
Guiana Guianan
Guinea Guinean
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissauan
Haiti Haitian
Halifax Haligonian
Harrow Harrovian
Hawaii Hawaiian
Honduras Honduran
Hong Kong ?
Hong Konger
Hungary Hungarian
Iceland Icelandic
India Indian
Indiana ?
Indonesia Indonesian
Iowa Iowan
Iran Iranian
Iraq Iraqi
Ireland Irish
Irishman or Irishwoman
Isle of Man Manx
Israel Israeli
Italy Italian
Ivory Coast Ivorian
Jamaica Jamaican
Japan Japanese
Java Javanese
Jerusalem Jerusalemite
Jordan Jordanian
Jupiter Jovian
Kazakhstan Kazakh
Kenya Kenyan
Korea Korean
Korea, North North Korean
Korea, South South Korean
Kosovo Kosovar
Kurdistan Kurdish
Kuwait Kuwaiti
Lancashire Lancastrian
Laos Laotian
Lapland Lapp or Saami
Latvia Latvian
Lebanon Lebanese
Lesotho Sotho
Mosotho (plural: Bosotho)
Liberia Liberian
Libya Libyan
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein
Lithuania Lithuanian
Liverpool Liverpudlian
Liverpudlian or Scouser
London London
Los Angeles Angeleno
Luxemburg Luxemburg
Macedonia Macedonian
Madagascar Malagasy
Madrid Madrilene
Malawi Malawian
Malaysia Malaysian
Maldives Maldivian
Mali Malian
Malta Maltese
Manchester Mancunian
Mars Martian
Marshall Islands Marshall Islander
Martinique Martinican
Mauritania Mauritanian
Mauritius Mauritian
Mediterranean Mediterranean
Melanesia Melanesian
Mexico Mexican
Micronesia Micronesian
Minnesota Minnesotan
Moldova Moldovian
Monaco Monegasque or Monacan
Mongolia Mongolian
Mongolian or Mongol
Montenegro Montenegrin
Montserrat Montserratian
Morocco Moroccan
Mozambique Mozambican
Murcia Murcian
Namibia Namibian
Naples Neapolitan
Nauru Naurian
Navarre Navarrese
Nebraska Nebraskan
Nepal Nepalese
Netherlands Dutch
Dutchman or Dutchwoman
New York New York
New Yorker
New Zealand New Zealand
New Zealander or (informally) Kiwi
Newcastle Novocastrian
Novocastrian or Geordie
Nicaragua Nicaraguan
Niger Nigerien
Nigeria Nigerian
Normandy Norman
Northumberland Northumbrian
Norway Norwegian
Nova Scotia Nova Scotian
Nubia Nubian
Okinawa Okinawan
Oklahoma Oklahoman
Oman Omani
Oregon Oregonian
Orkney Islands Orcadian
Oxford Oxonian
Pacific Pacific
Pakistan Pakistani
Palestine Palestinian
Panama Panamanian
Papua New Guinea Papuan
Paraguay Paraguayan
Paris Parisian
Pennsylvania Pennsylvanian
Persia Persian
Peru Peruvian
Philippines Philippine
Filipino or Filipina
Poland Polish
Polynesia Polynesian
Portugal Portuguese
Puerto Rico Puerto Rican
Qatar Qatari
Quebec Quebecois
Romania Romanian
Rome Roman
Russia Russian
Rwanda Rwandan
Saint Kitts and Nevis Kittitian or Nevisian
Saint Lucia Saint Lucian
Samoa Samoan
San Marino Sanmarinese
São Tomé and Príncipe Sao Tomean
Sardinia Sardinian
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian
Saudi or Saudi Arabian
Scotland Scottish or Scots
Scot, Scotsman or Scotswoman
Seattle Seattle
Senegal Senegalese
Serbia Serbian or Serb
Serb or Serbian
Seychelles Seychellos
Siberia Siberian
Sicily Sicilian
Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean
Singapore Singaporean
Slovakia Slovak
Slovenia Slovene
Solomon Islands Solomon Islander
Somalia Somali
South Africa South African
Spain Spanish
Sri Lanka Sri Lankan
Sudan Sudanese
Surinam Surinamese
Swaziland Swazi
Sweden Swedish
Switzerland Swiss
Sydney ?
Syria Syrian
Tahiti Tahitian
Taiwan Taiwanese
Tajikistan Tajik
Tanzania Tanzanian
Tasmania Tasmanian
Texas Texan
Thailand Thai
Tibet Tibetan
Togo Togolese
Tonga Tongan
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidadian
Tunisia Tunisian
Turkey Turkish
Turkmenistan Turkmen
Tuscany Tuscan
Uganda Ugandan
Ukraine Ukrainian
United Arab Emirates Emiratis
United Kingdom British
United States American (4)
Uruguay Uruguayan
Utah Utahn
Uzbekistan Uzbek
Valencia Valencian
Vanuatu Vanuatuan
Venezuela Venezuelan
Venice Venetian
Venus Venusian
Vermont Vermonter
Vienna Viennese
Vietnam Vietnamese
Virginia Virginian
Wales Welsh
Welshman or Welshwoman
Washington Washingtonian
Yemen Yemeni
Yorkshire Yorkshire
Yugoslavia Yugoslavian
Zaire Zairean
Zambia Zambian
Zimbabwe Zimbabwean


  • 1: The former name of Burkina Faso was Upper Volta.
  • 2: The new name of Burma is Myanmar.
  • 3: Both the country and the US state use Georgian as an adjective
  • 4: The only adjective in widespread use is American, though many substitute words have been proposed, e.g. Usanian, Columbard, Fredonian, United Statesian; see Alternate words for American.

See also: list of people by nationality, list of ethnic slurs