This List of deities aims at giving information about ancient and actual deities in the different religions, cultures and mythologies of the world. It is sorted alphabetically.
Deities in the Abrahamic religions
Jews, Christians, and Muslims believe in the same God, but Muslims, and to some degree Jews (see below), visualize God in strictly monotheistic terms, whereas most Christians believe that God exists as a Trinity.
Yahweh is the Biblical name for God used by ancient Jews.
Adonai, Eloheynu and Hashem are some of the names of God used in modern day Judaism. The Hebrew word "elohim" is also used to refer to God in the Torah (and the Christian Old Testament), and this refers to a plural nature of God. However, Jews hold to a slightly more monotheistic view of God than Christians. They reject Jesus Christ as a false messiah, and do not assign any deity to him. However, the English word "God" (spelled "G-d" in deference to the taboo against pronouncing the Tetragrammaton) is commonly accepted among Jews to denote God (or G-d), as well.
Historically, Christianity has professed belief in one deity, three divine persons (the Trinity), that make up one deity or Godhead, known as "God". (See Athanasian Creed.)
Thus, most Christians are trinitarian monotheists, although there have been dissenters; see the articles Arianism, Unitarianism (History), Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and Jehovah's Witnesses for examples.
Most of these unitarian groups believe or believed that only God the Father is a deity; Latter-day Saints believe that the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ) and the Holy Spirit are three distinct deities.
Allah is the most traditional Muslim name for God. Islamic tradition also speaks of 99 Names of God.
Two smaller faiths that don't neatly fit into any of the categories of Abrahamic religions. Rastafarianism worships Jah and the Baha'i Faith also worships the same God as Jews, Christians and Muslims.
Australian Aboriginal mythology
a more complete list can be found here.
- Manannan mac Lir
- Sint Holo
Egyptian mythologyEgyptian deities are often portrayed as having animal heads in art; as an example, Anubis is often portrayed in statuary as having the body of a human, but the head of a canine. Many gods were portrayed with different animal heads, depending upon the situation. The Egyptians did NOT actually believe that their gods had animal heads; rather, they portrayed them that way as artistic symbolism. This may have been for the benefit of the illiterate.
- Anubis, God of Embalming, Friend of the Dead
- The Aten, the embodiment of the Sun's rays
- Atum, a creator deity
- Bast, Goddess of Cats
- Bes, God-Demon of Protection, Childbirth and Entertainment
- Geb, God of the Earth
- Hapi God of the Nile and Fertility
- Hathor, Goddess of Love and Music
- Heget Goddess of Childbirth
- Horus the falcon-headed god
- Imhotep God of wisdom, medicine and magic
- Isis, Goddess of Magic, sister of Nephthys
- Khepry, the scarab beetle, the embodiment of the dawn
- Khnum, a creator deity
- Ma'at, Goddess of Truth, Balance and Order
- Mont, god of war
- Naunet, the primal waters
- Neith, the great mother goddess
- Nephthys, mother of Anubis
- Nut, goddess of heaven and the sky
- Ptah, a creator deity
- Ra, the sun, possible father of Anubis
- Sekhmnet, goddess of war and battles
- Sobek, Crocodile God
- Set, God of Storms, possible father of Anubis
- Tefnut, goddess of order, justice, time, Heaven and Hell and weather
- Thoth, god of the moon, drawing, writing, geometry, wisdom, medicine, music, astronomy, and magic
Old Finnish deities
There are very few written documents about old Finnish religions; also the names of deities and practices of worship changed from place to place. The following is a summary of the most important and most widely worshipped deities.
Ancient Greek mythology
Dryads, the Fates, the Erinyes, the Graces, the Horae, the Muses, the Nymphs, the Pleiades, the Titans
see also Kami
Modern Western mythology ("Kitchen Gods")
In addition to the gods listed above, there are several minor mythological beings spoken of in current western culture and may be taken more or less seriously. These are commonly called Kitchen Gods.
Old Prussian / Baltic deities
Sardinian deities, mainly referred to in the age of Nuragici people, are partly derived from Phoenician ones.
- Janas Goddesses of death
- Maymon God of Hades
- Panas Goddesses of reproduction (women dead in childbirth)
- Thanit Goddess of Earth and fertility