This is a list of Finnish rulers, that is, the Kingss, ruling Dukes and Queenss of Sweden with Regents and Viceroys of the Kalmar Union, the Grand dukes of Finland (Tsars of Russia), up to the short lived dream of the Kingdom of Finland at independence in 1917. This includes:

  • The Swedish kingdom (from the Swedish expansion in Finland) (1154-1389)
    • The Union of the Swedish and Norwegian kingdoms (1319-1343)
  • The Kalmar Union (the United Kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden) (1389-1523)
  • The Kingdom of Sweden (Sweden-Finland) (1523-1809)
  • The Grand Duchy of Finland (in the Russian Empire) (1809-1917)
  • The Kingdom of Finland (1917-1918) (Superseded by the Republic of Finland)

Swedish influence in Finland was considerable in pre-Christian times. The Vikings were known to Finns both due to their participation in commerce and plundering. Finland's nearly 700-year association with the Kingdom of Sweden began in 1154 with the introduction of Christianity by King Eric IX of Sweden (Saint Eric).

Finnish rulers

The Houses of Sverker and Eric

  • 1130-1156 : Sverker I of Sweden (Sverker den äldre) - The House of Sverker
  • 1156-1160 : Eric the Saint (Erik den helige) - The House of Eric
  • 1160-1167 : Charles VII of Sweden (Karl Sverkersson) - The House of Sverker
  • 1167-1195 : Canute I of Sweden (Knut Eriksson) - The House of Eric
  • 1196-1208 : Sverker II of Sweden (Sverker den yngre) - The House of Sverker
  • 1208-1216 : Eric X of Sweden (Erik Knutsson) - The House of Eric
  • 1216-1222 : John I of Sweden (Johan Sverkersson) - The House of Sverker
  • 1222-1229 : Eric XI of Sweden (Erik Eriksson) - The House of Eric
  • 1229-1234 : Canute II of Sweden (Knut Långe)
  • 1234-1250 : Eric XII of Sweden (Erik Eriksson) - The House of Eric

The House of Folkung

Regents of the Kalmar Union and Viceroys (Riksföreståndare)

The House of Vasa

The House of Palatinate

The House of Hesse

The House of Holstein-Gottorp

The House of Romanov

The House of Hesse

See also