**Mathematical games** include many topics which are a part of **recreational mathematics**, but can also cover topics such as the mathematics of games, and playing games with mathematics.

*Mathematical Games* was the title of a long-running column on the subject by Martin Gardner in Scientific American. He inspired several new generations of mathematicians and scientists through his interest in mathematical recreations. *Mathematical Games* was succeeded by *Metamagical Themas*, a similarly distinguished but shorter-running column by Douglas Hofstadter.

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2 Playing games with mathematics 3 Specific mathematical games 4 External links and references |

## Mathematics of games

This can be a more serious subject than the name belies. It can include the statistical analysis of card games such as Poker, Bridge or Ambition to understand and improve play techniques.- Game theory has wide social and military applications for tactical and strategic planning.
- Conway's combinatorial game theory and surreal numbers

## Playing games with mathematics

The foremost popularizers of recreational mathematics in recent years have been

Other figures in recreational mathematics history have included:## Specific mathematical games

- Dots and boxes
- Eight queens puzzle
- Four fours
- Hex
- Hexaflexagons
- Life
- Knight's Tour
- Nim
- Penrose dominoes
- Prisoner's dilemma
- Rhythmomachy
- Rubik's Cube
- Soma cube
- Sprouts
- Sim
- Squaring the square
- Tangram
- Topo
- Tower of Hanoi
- Wire-and-string puzzles (knot theory, topology)

Other games and pastimes of non-trivial mathematical interest:

See also:## External links and references

- Journal of Recreational Mathematics
- http://www.mathpuzzle.com/ by Ed Pegg, Jr.
- The Unreasonable Utility of Recreational Mathematics by David Singmaster
- Profile of John Conway
- Bibliography: http://bruichladdich.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/mathrecsFolder/books.html
- Mathematical Games from Madras College, St Andrews
- Malba Tahan: The Man Who Counted