In agriculture, multiple cropping is the practice of growing two or more crops simultaneously or successively during a single growing season. The term double cropping is also widely used, since for field crops it is most unusual to get more than two crops per year.

Multiple cropping is widely practiced in vegetable production, where it is possible to grow a cool-season crop (such as lettuce) in the spring, follow with a warm-season crop (such as tomatoes) in the summer, and then grow a winter crop (such as māche) harvested in early spring.

Multiple cropping is less common with field crops because the timing is difficult to manage, particularly since most crop-growing regions experience a good deal of rainfall during the late spring and early summer season, which interrupts fieldwork.

A related practice, companion planting, is sometimes used in gardening and intensive cultivation of vegetables and fruits.

See also intercropping, succession planting