The term ** normal** has many meanings:

- In behavior etc.:
**normal**means not deviating very much from the average; 'not normal' is often used in a negative sense (improper, sick, etc.). Abnormality varies greatly in how pleasant or unpleasant this is for other people; somebody may half-jokingly be called 'pleasantly disturbed'. See also mainstream, temperance, vanilla sex, equilibrium, stability, reality, peace, health, middle way, and on the other hand eccentricity, perversion, paraphilia, intersexual, disease, disability, mental illness, addiction, war, crime, fantasy, dream, hallucination, illusion. Some terms could fit in both lists, for example boredom: too much "normality" can be boring, but boredom is a kind of suffering, which can be considered "not normal". - In education, a
**normal school**is a school in which teachers are trained. - In chemistry, the normality of an acid or an alkali, is one way to measure its concentration.

- In geometry and physics: a
**normal**is a line perpendicular to a surface. - In algebra (in particular, group theory): a
**normal subgroup**is a subgroup that is invariant under conjugation. - In statistics, a random variable is called
**normal**if it follows the normal distribution. - In mathematical analysis: a
**normal number**is a number whose digit sequence is random. - In linear algebra: a
**normal matrix**is a matrix which commutes with its conjugate transpose. - In abstract algebra: a
**normal extension**is a field extension in which certain polynomials can be completely factored into linear polynomials. - In functional analysis: a
**normal operator**is a linear operator on a Hilbert space that commutes with its adjoint. - In topology: a
**normal space**is a topological space in which disjoint closed sets can be separated by neighborhoods. - In category theory: a
**normal morphism**is a morphism that arises as the kernel or cokernel of some other morphisms.

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