Titus Maccius Plautus, comic playwright of the Roman Republic; the years of his life are uncertain, but his plays were first produced between about 205 and 184 B.C.E. Twenty-one plays survive.
Plautus's comedies, which are the earliest surviving intact works in Latin literature, are all adaptations of Greek models for a Roman audience. The characters remain in Greek settings, or perhaps a Greek setting imagined by a Roman. His most typical character is the clever slave who manipulates his master, undermining some of our conceptions of normal social relationships in the Roman world.
See also: Terence