Padshah Shah Jahan I (1592 - 1666) was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1627 until 1658. He commissioned the building of the Taj Mahal in Agra, for his first wife Empress Mumtaz Mahal (meaning 'the first lady of the palace'). But for the last five years of his life he was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb in a room Agra Fort, tended only by his eldest daughter Jahanara Begum, with a direct view of the building. This was punishment for his endorsing Dara Shikoh, Aurangzeb's older brother in the fight for succession, but it was a better fate than he might have expected; most Mughal Emperors killed their fathers upon succession.
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