Currently, the most common technology for space transport is rocket propulsion, which expels matter to provide a net forward thrust. There are different ranges and types of rockets for different environments and goals however, including:
- expendable launch system
- single stage to orbit
- orbital maneuvering system
- interplanetary travel
- interstellar travel
For more types, see spacecraft propulsion.
Link: Russian Space Agency RAKA http://www.rosaviakosmos.ru/english/eindex.htm