Sprints are races where the runner tries to go as fast as humanly possible. Biological factors that go primarily into a sprint are: exclusive use of fast twitch muscles, adrenaline, and anaerobic respiration.

Notice: in the context of these articles, a minimally trained runner can loosely be termed as a person that has trained conistently for over 10 weeks, and is running the race while in condition from this training. Results from people that have not done this do not reflect their potential.

Table of contents
1 Short Sprints
2 Long Sprints

Short Sprints

60m and below

  • This is an all-out sprint. It is mainly run indoors. It's an interesting measure of athetlic ability, as this is roughly the distance required for a human to reach maximum speed and can effectively be run without breathing. Most runners find this race too short to mean much. More popular for other sports (speed testing for American football).



  • A very informal distance. Used as common training distance. Often races between top 100m and 200m runners are staged on this distance. The last famous dual was held between 1996 Olympic Champions Donovan Bailey (Canada) and Michael Johnson (USA).


  • A very interesting distance. It begins on the curve, and ends on the straightaway. A combination of highspeed curve and straightaway technique are needed to successfully run the race. To most trained runners, this is a pure power race.

Long Sprints


  • Another informal distance. Also used as a common training distance


  • A glorious race. Exactly once around the track. A successful runner will need an efficient stride and superior speed,and a small amount of non-fast twitch muscles to be competitive. For career 400m runners this becomes a prolonged high speed sprint.


  • more popular than 300 and 150. Strict 400m and 800m runners face off at this distance and come away satisfied.