The topics below are usually included in the area of

**interpreting statistical data**. A more formal name for this topic is

**statistical inference**.

- Statistical assumptions
- Likelihood principle
- Estimating parameters
- Testing statistical hypotheses
- Revising opinions in statistics

**Statistical inference**is inference about a population from a random sample drawn from it or, more generally, about a random process from its observed behavior during a finite period of time. It includes:

- point estimation
- interval estimation
- hypothesis testing (or significance testing)
- prediction