The Swedish Armed Forces, or Försvarsmakten, is a Government Agency responsible for the peacetime operation of the armed forces of Sweden. The primary task of the agency is to prepare for the defense of the country in the event of war, being able to defend against armed attacks that threaten liberty and independence. The Armed Forces is branched into army, air force and navy. As a government agency it reports to the Swedish Ministry of Defence. The head of armed forces is also the most senior soldier of the country.
|Swedish Armed Forces|
|Military age||19 years of age|
|Availability||males age 15-49: 2,062,566 (2001 est.)|
|Fit for military service||males age 15-49: 1,802,955 (2001 est.)|
|Reaching military age annually||males: 51,506 (2001 est.)|
|Dollar figure||$5 billion (FY98)|
|Percent of GDP||2.1% (FY98)|
|Table of contents|
2 Possible enemies
3 Current deployments
5 Military Ranks
6 Government Agencies reporting to the Ministry of Defence
7 See also
9 External links
Main enemy in tactical studies is thought to use equipment from the former Warsaw Pact, although a specific country is never mentioned for political reasons. The majority of Swedish equipment are NATO compatible, and most scenarios include some form of cooperation with one or more of the NATO members.
Sweden is a non-aligned country, aiming at remaining a neutral country in case of proximate war, and therefore not a formal member of NATO or any other military alliance. Its military is built on conscription, and until the end of the Cold War nearly all males reaching the age of military service were conscripted. In recent years, the number of conscripted males has reduced dramatically, while the number of female volunteers has increased slightly.
Sweden has deployed military forces in Kosovo and Afghanistan, supporting the fragile peace there. Observers from Sweden have been sent to a large number of countries, including Georgia, North Korea and Lebanon.
Officers are trained at the Swedish Armed Forces Military Academy which has establishments at Karlberg Castle outside Stockholm, in Halmstad and in Östersund. Conscripts are trained at the different units of the three branches, the purpose of which primarily being training installations and without significant wartime importance.
Swedish military ranks, essentially corresponds to those used by the armed forces of the English speaking world. Swedish ranks correspond even more closely to those in German usage due to linguistic similarities. See comparative military ranks.
There are two different systems of rank for commissioned officers, depending on whether one is commissioned according to the system used in the Army, or the one in the Navy. The Air Force and the non-navy Marine Forces uses the same system as the Army.
|Army Ranks||Navy Ranks|
|Fältmarskalk||Field Marshal||Feldmarschall||Fleet Admiral|
|Generallöjtnant||Lieutenant General||Generalleutnant||Viceamiral||Vice Admiral||Vizeadmiral|
|Generalmajor||Major General||Generalmajor||Konteramiral||Rear Admiral||Konteradmiral|
|Överste||Colonel||Oberst||Kommendör||Captain||Kapitän zur See|
|Överste löjtnant||Lieutenant Colonel||Oberstleutnant||Kommendörkapten||Commander||Fregattenkapitän|
|Löjtnant||Lieutenant||Oberleutnant||Löjtnant||Lieutenant, Junior Grade||Oberleutnant zur See|
|Fänrik||Second Lieutenant||Leutnant||Fänrik||Ensign||Leutnant zur See|
The rank of Brigadier General was introduced in 2001. The rank and the responsibilities associated with it existed before 2001, but all officers were commissioned as "Colonel First Class", or Överste av första graden, i. e. not a General. The same goes for Flottiljamiral wich used to be Kommendör av första graden, or "Captain First Class". The background for this anomaly was a political will to limit the number of Generals in the armed forces. No Swedish Field Marshals has been appointed since the 19th century.
|Warrant Officer & NCO Ranks|
All officers ranks below commissioned officers use the same system of rank independent of their branch of service and are divided into two classes. The higher class, "underofficer", has a status comparable to that of a warrant officer and often carries a responsibility comparable to that of a lower ranking commissioned officer. The lower class, "underbefäl", are the non-commissioned officers of the armed forces. Cadet's hold a rank equivalent to that of a WO "Sergeant", but wear different insignia. The ranks of fanjunkare, överfurir and vicekorpral are rarely used in the regular service. They are however used in volunteer and auxiliary forces.
Government Agencies reporting to the Ministry of Defence
Main article: Government Agencies in Sweden