In Roman times it was named Tarraco and it was capital of the Tarraconense province.
Tarragona is home to one of the most important maritime ports in Spain. Tarragona is also home of important universities, such as the Universitat Rovira i Virgili.
Tarragona touristic attractions include the Museum of Archeology and the archaeological ensemble of Tarraco, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It is also situated close to the nearby holiday resort of Salou and the theme park Port Aventura, one of the largest in Europe.