See also: History of Mongolia
- 1911: Mongolia declares independence under Bogd haan.
- 1913: Mongolia signs a treaty with Tibet.
- March 13, 1921: Provisional People's Government declares independence of Mongolia.
- May 31, 1924: U.S.S.R signs agreement with Peking government, referring to Outer Mongolia as an "integral part of the Republic of China," whose "sovereignty" therein the Soviet Union promises to respect.
- May-September 16, 1939: Large scale fighting takes place between Japanese and Soviet-Mongolian forces along Khalkhyn Gol on Mongolia-Manchuria border, ending in defeat of the Japanese expeditionary force. Truce negotiated between U.S.S.R. and Japan.
- October 6, 1949: Newly established People's Republic of China accepts recognition accorded Mongolia and agrees to establish diplomatic relations.
- October 1961: Mongolia becomes a member of the United Nations.
- January 27, 1987: Diplomatic relations established with the United States.
- December 1989: First popular reform demonstrations. Mongolian Democratic Association organized.
- January 1990: Large-scale demonstrations demanding democracy held in sub-zero weather.
- March 2, 1990: Soviets and Mongolians announce that all Soviet troops will be withdrawn from Mongolia by 1992.
- May 1990: Constitution amended to provide for multi-party system and new elections.
- July 29, 1990: First democratic elections held.
- September 3, 1990: First democratically elected People's Great Hural takes office.
- February 12, 1992: New constitution goes into effect.
- April 8, 1992: New election law passed.
- June 28, 1992: Election for the first unicameral legislature (State Great Hural).
- June 6, 1993: First direct presidential election.
- June 30, 1996: Election of first noncommunist government.
- July 2, 2000: Election of the former communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP); formation of new government by Prime Minister N. Enkhbayar.
, History of Mongolia (country)